In Maryland, the adoption laws are designed to make adoption easier while protecting the rights of vulnerable children. The legal requirements for adoption can be complicated, so many people choose to work with their attorneys throughout the process. Most adoptions take place at the state level, but there are times when federal regulations may apply to a case.
Maryland's adoption laws state that any person can be adopted. If the biological or natural parent's rights have been terminated, a child may consent to adoption when he or she is 10 years of age or older. There is no home residency requirement in Maryland, so potential adoptive parents can adopt without a long residency in the state.